Fertility Farming explores an approach to farming that makes minimal use of plowing, eschews chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and emphasizes soil fertility via crop rotation, composting, cover cropping & manure application. Turner holds that the measure of fertile soil is its content of organic matter, and ultimately, its humus. Upon a basis of humus, nature builds a complete structure of healthy life - without the need for disease control of any kind. In fact, the disease is the outcome of the unbalancing or perversion of the natural order - and serves as a warning that something is wrong. F. Newman Turner was an associate of such luminaries as Sir Albert Howard, Lady Eve Balfour, Lawrence Hills & others. He was a superb farmer and herdsman, and his prizewinning cattle stood as a testament to the validity of his organic methods.